Wastong pag aalaga ng inyong mga sisiw.

Ang pag aalaga ng sisiw ay hindi mahirap gawin kung matutunan natin ang mga tamang kaalaman sa pag aalaga ng mga ito. Kinakailangang nating alagaan ng tama mula pagka sisiw hanggang sila ay lumaki at handa nang mangitlog.  Sa inyong sipag at tiyaga sila ay lalaking malusog at kayo ang makakakuha ng magandang benepisyo sa pagkakaroon ng malulusog na mga manok.

Kung ikaw ay desidido nang mag alaga ng mga manok kinakailangan mong alamin ang pasikot sikot sa pag aalaga nito upang mapalaki at maalagaan mo sila ng wasto.  Ang mga manok ay mga nakakalibang na hayop  at madaling alagaan.

Sa pamamagitan ng inyong kaalaman sa pagpapalaki ng mga sisiw ikaw at ang iyong pamilya ay hindi mawawalan ng sariwang itlog at karne sa inyong hapag kainan.

Ngayon, para makapagumpisa sa pag aalaga ng inyong mga sisiw ito ang inyong dapat tandaan:

1.       Kapag dumating ang inyong mga sisiw, siyasatin silang mabuti. Tiyakin na malusog ang mga ito. Kung may napansin na may mukhang matamlay at may sakit ipagbigay alam sa nakuhanan ng mga ito. Tandaan, huwag tumanggap ng sisiw na may sakit. Ito ay maaring makahawa sa ibang mga sisiw.

2.       Kung ang lahat ng mga sisiw ay malusog at masigla, ang inyong susunod na hakbang ay ilagay sila sa kanilang kulungan o brooder ito ang kanilang magiging bagong tahanan. Siguraduhing ito ay may tamang init, pangkaraniwan 32 degrees Celsius ay sapat para sa isang buong lingo.

3.       Unti unting bawasan ang temperatura ng kulungan o brooder habang lumalaki ang inyong mga sisiw. Pagkalipas ng 4 na lingo maaari nang ilipat ang mga sisiw sa mas malaking kulungan kung saan sila ay makagagalaw at makakatakbo ng malaya. Subalit sa panahon ng tag lamig maaring kailanganin pa rin nila ang heater o pampainit sa kanilang tirahan.

4.       Bigyan ang inyong sisiw ng maraming tubig. Makakatulong sa kanila ang pag inom ng tubig na may Probiotics at Molasses. Ito ang magbibigay ng lakas at proteksyon sa inyong mga sisiw.

 5.       Ikalat ang kanilang patuka o pagkain sa kanilang kulungan o brooder upang sila ay makakain anumang oras na naisin nila.

 6.       Sa ika 60 na araw, maari ng ilipat ang inyong mga alaga sa isang kulungan na may pagalaan o ranging area.

7.       Pinakahuli, laging tatandaan na kapag ang inyong mga alagaing manok ay nakagala o “Free Range” sila ay  nanganganib sa mga ibang hayop tulad ng aso, pusa atbp. Mas makakabuting maglagay ng net o screen sa kanilang mga pagalaan bilang kanilang proteksyon.

 

10 Chicken Breeds for your backyard

Here are the 10 chicken breeds that we have found work well for families and tend to be the most docile, friendliest birds. By no means does this list include all the possible breeds: There are hundreds of different ones out there! You can always do more research to find out about breeds that aren’t included here.

Australorp

• This Australian breed has black feathers that shimmer iridescent green in the sun. As the birds age, sometimes the tips of their feathers become a bit speckled with brownish gray.

• These hens often establish themselves at the top of the flock.

• They are homebodies and handle confinement well.

• This breed is curious, friendly, and outgoing.

• Hens lay about five medium-to large brown eggs every week.

Plymouth Rock

• These chickens were developed during the nineteenth century in New England and continue to be popular in the region.

• They are standard-sized chickens known for living a long time.

• They are gentle creatures who do very well with people and get along with other pets.

• They lay four or five pinkish brown eggs per week.

• The Barred Rock, shown here, looks a little like a zebra with its black-and white striped feathers.

Brahma

• Brahmas come in both standard and bantam sizes.

• These chickens are friendly, not skittish, and trainable and are good birds for children to show. They do not mind being handled, and even the males are a bit more docile than other breeds.

• They come in a variety of colors.

• They have feathers on their feet.

• The hens lay lovely brown eggs approximately three times per week.

Buff Orpington

• These chickens are the golden retrievers of the chicken world.

• Originally from England, they are large, friendly birds with golden feathers.

• They are curious and incredibly lovable, and they enjoy being held.

• They handle confinement to the coop and run well.

• They can go broody and typically lay three large brown eggs per week.

Cochin

• Cochins, like Silkies, originated in China.

• These fluffy-feathered chickens even have feathered feet. Some have frizzled (curly) feathers.

• They come in eight different colors and both standard and bantam sizes.

• They can adapt to living in a coop for their entire life but also free-range well.

• They are a quiet, friendly, hardy, and very calm breed.

• You might expect three brown eggs per week.

Easter Egger

• If you want colored eggs, then you’ll want a couple of these hens. Their appearance can vary, but they carry a genetic trait that means their eggs can be tinted in hues of blue, green, olive, and pink.

• This is not an official breed but a type of chicken. They come in the standard size as well as bantam.

• Easter Eggers get their ability to lay colored eggs from either an Araucana or Ameraucana parent, but the other parent can be another breed.

• These are friendly, curious birds.

• They lay approximately four eggs per week.

Faverolle

• These French chickens stand out by having five toes instead of the usual four, fluffy cheek feathers (called muffs, and a feathered beard.

• They come in a variety of colors; the most popular one is salmon.

• These chickens don’t mind being confined to the coop and run.

• They are incredibly docile, making them particularly suitable for younger kids.

• They lay about four light brown or creamy eggs per week.

Polish

• This is a friendly breed with an unusual look.

• Some people say that this breed’s poufy head feathers can cause issues, such as problems with their vision and feather picking from the other hens. The feathers can be gently trimmed to help with vision, and if Polish chicks are raised with other breeds, problems usually don’t arise.

• Polish come in standard and bantam sizes.

• They are not the most reliable egg layers. If you are lucky, you can expect two white eggs per week.

Silkie Bantam

• This ancient breed was first described by Marco Polo on a visit to China in the thirteenth century.

• They are tiny, lightweight, and easy to handle, and they have a few unusual features.The most noticeable is that their feathers, which come in many colors, are fluffy instead of smooth.

• They also have five toes (most chickens have four) and black skin (instead of yellow).

• They tend to go broody a lot, so this is not a breed to depend on for eggs.

• The eggs are about half the size of standard eggs and range from cream to white in color — some even have a slightly pinkish tint. When a hen is laying, you can expect about three eggs per week.

Silver or Golden Laced Wyandotte

• These incredibly beautiful birds were developed in the United States.

• They come in many colors, but the Silver and Golden varieties are the most readily available. They have either a white or gold lacing pattern between the black on their feathers.

• The rose-style comb is perfect for cold regions as it is less prone to frostbite.

• They are a smaller breed, averaging approximately 6 pounds for the hens.

• Chock-full of personality, they can be domineering and are typically the head hens in their flocks.

  • They make excellent mothers and lay lovely pale brown eggs four or five times per week.
  • Superworms as Protein and Calcium Supplement for your Layers.

    Have you ever seen a Superworm? Some of the chicken farmers may haven’t met one. So let me introduce to you this tiny creatures. Tiny but protein and calcium loaded.

    Superworms (Zoophobas Mario) are readily accepted by lizards, turtles, frogs, salamanders, birds, Koi and all other insect-loving animals.  Super worms are VERY active making them excellent feeders for animals that love to hunt and chase their prey. Super worms contain less chitin (the stuff that makes the shells hard) than meal worms, making them easier for your animals to digest.

    The Superworm’s hard chitin may make them less suitable for arachnids, some predatory insects, and baby or infant reptiles, since this may cause impaction (and possible death).  When feeding your smaller or younger exotics, try to feed the white or light-coloured Superworms since they have recently shed and would have a less hard outer chitin.

    The substrate the Superworms are reared and kept in has a huge impact on the nutritional value they provide.  Moisture can be provided by adding cut carrot, potato/sweet potato or orange peel, and their bedding or substrate should be checked  daily  for mold.

    We all know that a layer needed a high protein loaded diet during their egg production phase. 

    Once your chickens start laying eggs (around 20 weeks of age) they should be switched to a layer feed. Layer feeds are formulated for chickens laying table eggs (those used for human consumption). Broiler feeds are formulated for those chickens producing hatching eggs (breeders). The diets are basically the same, but the breeder diets typically have slightly more protein and are fortified with extra vitamins for proper embryo development.

    Laying hens require large amounts of calcium for eggshells. Laying mashes typically contain 2.5% to 3.5% calcium. Growing chickens require only 1.2% calcium in their feed. If you feed high-calcium diets to growing chickens, kidney damage can result. It may also be necessary to supplement the diet of laying hens with ground oyster shell on a free-choice basis. Some high-producing laying hens may require the extra calcium that the oyster shell provides. Monitor the quality of eggshells to determine whether or not you need supplemental oyster shell. If hens produce eggs with thin shells or shells that are easily cracked, oyster shell supplementation might help.

    Layer diets should contain at least 14% protein to ensure continued egg production. Layer diets that contain 16% protein are more common.

    Let me give you an idea on what this tiny creatures can offer to your layer flocks.

    Nutritional Analysis

    Protein 41.37%

    Fat 41.00%

    Calcium  420mg/kg

    Phosphorus 5630mg/kg

    Fiber 4.00%

    Probiotics para sa inyong mga Free Range Chicken

     

    Ang araw araw na paglalagay ng “PROBIOTICS” sa inuming tubig ng inyong mga alagaing manok at sisiw ay nakakatulong upang sila ay mapanatiling malakas at malusog . Ang resulta ay magandang kalidad ng karne at itlog. Hindi lamang nagdudulot ng kalusugan sa inyong mga alagain, bagkus ito ay nakakatulong din upang maprotektahan ang inyong mga alagain at ganun din ang mga kakain ng karne at ng mga itlog nito sa mga sakit na tulad ng Salmonella at E-coli. Ito ay ilan lamang sa mga dahilan kung bakit mahalaga ang paglalagay ng “PROBIOTICS” sa kanilang mga inuming tubig araw araw.

    Ano ang PROBIOTICS?

    Ang “PROBIOTICS” ay mga good bacteria na tumutulong palakasin ang immune system ng inyong mga alagaing manok at tumutulong sa tamang pagtunaw ng pagkain upang sila ay panatilihing malusog at mas mabilis na bumigat. Ibinibigay ito upang palitan o makadagdag sa mga bakterya na nasa gastrointestinal tract o daluyan ng pagkain na ng inyong mga alagaing manok.

    Paano ito nakakatulong sa inyong Free Range Chicken?

    Sa loob ng gastrointestinal tract o daluyan ng pagkain ng inyong alagain ang pinamamahayan ng nakakagulat na bilyon- bilyong bilang ng bakterya. Lahat ng mga ito ay nakikipag kumpitensya sa pagkonsumo ng pagkain. Ang mga uri  at bilang ng bakterya ay magkakaiba sa bawat uri at nagbabago habang tumatagal tuwing ang inyong alagain ay nae exposed sa mga bagong bakterya.  Karamihan ng mga bakterya sa loob ng gastrointestinal tract ng inyong mga alagain ay di nakakapaminsala. Ngunit ang ibang malulusog na manok ay maaring nagtataglay na ng mga bakteryang mapaminsala o “bad bacteria” gaya ng e-coli at salmonella. Subalit ito ay nasa napakababang bilang at hindi pa kayang magdulot ng pinsala. Ito ay nadadaig ng mga mabuting bakterya “ good bacteria” sa pagkuha o pagkonsumo ng mga sustansya na kailangan nila kaya hindi tumataas ang kanilang bilang at makapagdulot ng pinsala.  Ngunit paano kapag sila ay mas dumami at madaig nila ang mga mabuting bakterya o “good bacteria”?  Nakasalalay sa kung mas marami ang good bacteria o ang bad bacteria ang kalusugan at abilidad na labanan ang sakit ng inyong alagaing manok. Ang mga bakterya ay namamahay sa mga gastrointestinal tract ng inyong mga alagain kung alin sa mga bakterya ang mas nauna o mas nakakararami ay siyang mas may kakayahang manirahan dito at magparami.

    Kapag ang bituka  inyong alagain ay malusog, ang “villi” tinatawag din na little fingers ay marahang dinadaluyan ng pagkain upang masipsip ang sustansya sa intestinal wall. Sa panahon ng stress, ang protective mucus ng bituka ay nababawasan. Dito ay maninirahan ang bad bacteria at ang mga “villi” na normal na nasa bituka ay nawawala. Ibig sabihin bababa ang absorpsyon ng sustansya na mauuwi sa pagbaba ng resistensya at madaling dapuan ng sakit o impeksyon.

    Bakit mahalaga sa sisiw ang PROBIOTICS?

    Ngayong alam na natin na ang mahalaga bilang ang good bacteria upang labanan ang bad bacteria, magiging malaking tulong ang pagbibigay natin nito araw araw lalo na sa ating mga alagaing sisiw. Ang mga sisiw ay may under developed na gastrointestinal tract at walang  kakayahang makapag ipon ng mga good bacteria dito. Mas madali silang makakuha ng bad bacteria sa pagbibigay ng kontaminadong pagkain, painuman at pakainan. Maaring ang pagkain ng mga sisiw ay kontaminado ng mga dumi ng daga o anumang hayop. Dahil dito, mas nakabubuting bigyan ng “PROBIOTICS” ang mga sisiw sa mga unang linggo. Ito ay mas matipid at epektibong alternatibo sa prebensyon ng mga sakit.

    Maari bang magbigay ng “PROBIOTICS”  matapos magbigay ng antibiotics?

    Ang pagbibigay ng “PROBIOTICS” pagkatapos ang paggagamot ng antibiotics ay makakatulong ng malaki.  “Pagkatapos”, ibig sabihin ay magbigay sa mga alagain ng probiotics matapos magbigay ng kanilang antibiotics. Bakit? Dahil susugpuin ng antibiotics maging ang good bacteria sa loob ng katawan ng inyong mga alagain. Kaya mas nakabubuting magbigay agad ng probiotics pagkatapos bigyan ng antibitoics upang sa ganoon ay makapagpondo tayo ng mas maraming good bacteria sa kanilang gastro intestinal tract bago pa man makapasok ang mga bad bacteria.

    Ang inyong mga alagain ay madaling makakuha ng sakit lalo na sa oras na sila ay nagbi breed o na stress sa anumang bagay. At dahil sila ay Free Range, sila ay madalas na lantad sa mga baakteryang maaring magdulot ng sakit.  Kaya makabubuti kung sila ay bigyan ng probiotics sa kanilang inuming tubig. Sa pagbibigay ng probiotics sa inyong sisiw ay maaring maiiwasan silang magkaroon ng mga nakahahawang sakit. At sila ay magiging malusog, matipid sa feeds,  mabilis na lumaki at bumigat. Sa kalaunan ay makapagbigay ng masustansyang karne at itlog sa kanilang pagtanda.

    Mga Benepisyo sa Probiotics sa mga alagaing manok

    • Establishes beneficial gastrointestinal microflora
      • Helps to inhibit growth of enteric pathogens
      • Improves overall weight gain and growth performance by up to 30%
      • Improves FCR (Feed Conversion Ratio)
      • Decreases mortality rates
      • Improves absorption of nutrients
      • Enhances size and quality of eggs
      • No side effects, no withdrawal
      • Environmentally safe
      • Increases overall cost savings and farm efficiency

     

    May kamahalan ang ibang mga commercial probiotics subalit may mga paraan upang makagawa ng sarili ninyong “PROBIOTICS”. Ito ang ating tatalakayin sa mga susunod na post. Tatalakayin natin ang paggawa ng Home Made Probiotics. Subaybayan po natin ito. Like our Facebook Page Organiko Filipino Farm.

     

     

    Paghahanda sa pagdating ng inyong mga sisiw

    Ngayong nakapili na tayo ng lahi ng alagaing manok at naghihintay ng pagdating ng mga sisiw nito.

    Ano ang mga dapat nating gawin.

    Mas makabubuting siguruhing kumpleto na ang mga gamit at bagay na kakailanganin natin sa pag aalaga ng mga ito. Siguraduhing gumagana ang mga ito bago dumating ang inyong mga sisiw.

    May mga bagay at materyales tayong dapat ihanda at maisalugar, nasuri at hindi sira. Iisa isahin natin ang mga bagay na kakailanganin natin.

    1. Brooder

    Ang brooder ay isang lugar kung saan ang mga sisiw ay inilalagay upang painitan mula unang araw hanggang sa ika dalawamput isang araw. Ito ay ang katumbas ng pag limlim ng inahing manok. Sa bawat limampung sisiw (50) maari tayong gumawa ng 1 X 2 metro na brooder. Dapat ay may hanging dumadaloy sa ibabaw nito subalit may pantay pantay na init. Maaring gumamit ng 50 watts na bombilya na pangagalingan ng init. Habang lumalaki ang mga sisiw maari nang bawasan ang init sa loob ng brooder.

    Mga palatandaan sa tamang init ng brooder:

    Malalaman natin kung hindi sapat ang init sa brooder kapag ang mga sisiw ay maingay at nasa     isang lupon o grupo at nakatapat sa ilaw. Kapag sobrang init naman ay nakalayo sa ilaw karaniwang nasa sulok at nag iingay. Kapag tama ang init sa loob ng brooder mapapansin ninyong sila ay hiwa hiwalay at masiglang kumakain at tumatakbo sa loob ng brooder.

    2. Bedding o Sapin

    Maaring lagyan ng ipa o dayami ang sahig ng brooder. Panatilihin itong malinis at tuyo. Lagyan ng isa hanggang dalawang pulgadang kapal  ng bedding ang sahig. Palitan kapag ito ay basa na upang maiwasan ang pagtubo ng “amag o molds” na maaring magdulot ng sakit sa inyong mga sisiw. Maari itong palitan araw araw kung kinakailangan. Makakatulong din ang bedding upang maka balance ang inyong mga alagang sisiw sa mga unang araw nito.

    3. Feeders and Waterers

    Maari ko bang gamitin ang mga Pakainan at Painuman na gamit ko sa malalaking manok. Ang sagot ay hindi!

    Ang mga ito ay dapat maliit na tama lamang sa maliliit na sisiw. Gumamit ng mababaw na painuman upang maiwasan ang pagkalunod ng inyong mga sisiw. Maari itong lagyan ng maliliit na bato o holen ( marbles ) upang maiwasan ang pagkalubog ng sisiw sa mga painuman. Maari din gumamit ng dalawang commercial drinkers small size.

    Paalala: unahing bigyan ng tubig na may “PROBIOTICS” ang mga sisiw bago sila pakainin. Ito ang nakakatulong sa kanilang “panunaw o digestion” at nagbibigay ng paunang proteksyon sa mga impeksyon.

    Sa Feeder o Pakainan maaring gumamit ng bilao sa mga unang araw ng mga sisiw. Kung mayroon sa paligid, maari ring gumamit ng apat na pirasong (4) biniyak na kawayan na may habang kalahating (1/2) metro bilang pakainan o feeder.

    4. Feeds o Patuka

    Feeds o patuka. Ang mga sisiw ay hindi pa makakakain ng pellets, ang kailangan nila feeds para sa sisiw. Makakabuting ihanda ito bago pa dumating ang mga sisiw. Maghanda ng chick booster para sa kanila. Maaring magbigay ng giniling na “brown rice” para sa unang pakain sa kanila ito ay makakatulong sa pag develop ng kanilang “panunaw o digestion”.

    Kakailanganin nila ang pagkain na mataas ang protina para sa kanilang mabilis na paglaki. Gumamit ng chick booster na crumbles para hindi mahirapan ang mga sisiw sa pagkain nila.

    Siguraduhing sariwa at bago ang inyong ibibigay na feeds o patuka upang maiwasan ang anumang sakit na maaring idulot ng lumang feeds. Ang lumang feeds ay maaring nagtataglay ng “amag o molds” na makakasama sa inyong mga alagang sisiw.

    5. Heater o Ilaw

    Ang pinakahuli at isa sa mga bagay na dapat ninyong suriin ng mabuti ay ang “heater o ilaw”.

    Ang mga sisiw ay wala pang kakayahang magpanatili ng tamang init ng katawan sa mga unang araw nito. Mapapnsin natin na sila ay nag iipon ipon kapag hindi sapat ang init sa loob ng brooder.

    Sa mga panahong ito ang ilaw ang magbibigay ng artipisyal na init na kailangan ng mga sisiw. Ang init na kailangan nila sa unang linggo ay 35 Degrees Celsius. Pagkatapos nito ay unti unting bawasan ng 5 Degrees Celsius kada lingo. Sa ika siyam ( 9 ) na lingo ito ay dapat nasa 18 degrees Celsius. Sa loob ng pito hanggang labindalawang ( 7-12 ) lingo kumpleto na ang tunay na balahibo nito at may kakayahan nang magpanatili ng kanilang init, maliban na lamang sa tag lamig.

    Paalala: Ang heater o bombilya ay napakahusay na alternatibo para sa artipisyal na init para sa mga sisiw. Subalit ito ay maaring maging sanhi ng sakuna tulad ng sunog.gamitin ng may pag iingat.

    Kung ang mga nakalista dito ay madali ninyong maisaayos bago pa dumating ang inyong mga sisiw ay mabuti. Subalit kung kayo ay hindi sanay mas makabubuting ihanda ang lahat ng mga ito isang araw bago pa dumating ang inyong mga sisiw.

    Maligayang Pagdating!!!

    Sa araw ng pagdating ng inyong mga sisiw, buksan na ang heater o ilaw ilang oras bago sila dumating. Suriin ang init sa sahig kung ito ay napapanatiling 35 Degrees Celsius na. mahahanap nila ito at doon sila gagalaw. Sa pag lipat ng mga sisiw galling sa kahon, siguraduhing ilubog sandal ang tuka ng sisiw sa tubig na may “PROBIOTICS”. Ito ay para turuan sila kung paano uminom at kung saan sila iinom. Sa feeds o patuka ilatag ito sa sahig, kaykayin o scratch ng inyong daliri ang patuka at magsisimula na silang mag kaykay o mag scratch sa feeds o patuka sa sarili nila.

    Ilagay ang Painuman o Waterer ng bahagyang malapit sa ilaw ngunit hindi masyadong malapit. Ito ay upang mahikayat uminom ang inyong mga sisiw. Ang mga sisiw ay ayaw sa malamig na tubig.

    Pagkatapos ng kanilang paglalakbay, sila ay kakain, iinom at matutulog

    Silipin ng madalas sa loob ng ilang oras kung tama ang init sa loob ng brooder. Kapag sila ay nakakalat sa sulok ng brooder ibig sabihin nito ay masyadong mainit ang inyong ilaw. Kung sila naman ay magkakasama at dikit dikit maaring hindi sapat ang init ng inyong brooder..

    Sila ay dapat nakakalat sa loob ng brooder, kumakain, tumatakbo at natutulog kapag sapat ang init ng inyong brooder. 😀

    Napansin ninyo ba yung “PROBIOTICS”? Alam ba ninyo kung ano ang “PROBIOTICS” at ang magandang naidudulot nito sa inyong mga alagaing manok at sisiw. Kung nais ninyong matutunan ang mga gamit nito at ang pag gawa ng “PROBIOTICS”, mag komento lamang sa post na ito at ating tatalakayin sa susunod na mga post ang tungkol sa “PROBIOTICS”.

    Maraming Salamat sa inyong pagbabasa. Hanggang sa susunod na Chicky Tips at post para sa mga Free Range Chicken Farmers. Set our chicken free! Free Chicky!

     

     

     

     

    Free Range Chicken Farming gusto mo bang subukan?

     

    Sa panahon ngayon marami na sa mga consumers ang health conscious. Tumataas na ang demand ng mga produktong inalagaan at pinalaki sa natural na pamamaraan. Sa mga gulay, gatas, karne at isa na dito ang mga produktong galling sa manok.

    Ang Free Range Chicken Farming ay isang pamamaraan kung saan ang pag aalaga ng manok ay ibinabalik natin sa natural na kapaligiran. Hindi sila katulad ng mga nakagawiang commercial growing kung saan ang mga manok ay ikinukulong at pinapakain ng mga pagkain na sagana sa growth hormones at antibiotics na naipapasa at hindi nakakabuti sa katawan ng isang consumer. Sa paraang Free Range Farming ay hinahayaan nating nakagala an gating mga alagaing manok upang sila ay malayang makatakbo, magkaykay, magbilad sa araw at kumain ng mga damo at insekto na nasa kanyang kapaligiran.

    Noong mga unang panahon ang ginagamit ng mga nag aalaga ng mga manok ay ang ating mga native na manok. Ito ay may katangian na patok sa panlasang pinoy. Malasa, masarap at masustansya sa dahilang sila ay hindi supplementado ng mga growth hormones at antibiotics na gaya ng mga commercially grown o caged chicken. Sila ay malaya ding nakakagala sa paligid upang maghanap ng mga natural na pagkain gaya ng damo at insekto na nagsisilbing pagkain at bitamina nila.

    Gusto nating ibalik ang sustansya at lasa ng mga kinakain nating manok? Ibalik natin sila kung saan sila dating inaalagaan. Ito ay ang Free Range na pamamaraan.

    Ano ang mga dapat tandaan sa pag-sisimula sa Free Range Chicken Farming?

    1. Kaalaman sa pagpapatakbo ng Free Range Chicken Farming. May mga institution at mga indibidwal na nagsasagawa ng pagtuturo o seminar tungkol sa Free Range Chicken Farming. Malaking tulong ito sa pagsisimula ng inyong manukan upang malaman ninyo ang mga dapat ninyong ihanda at mga dapat iwasan sa pagpapatakbo ng Free Range Chicken Farming.
    2. Lahi ng manok na inyong aalagaan. May mga tamang lahi ng manok sa bawat produktong gusto ninyong paramihin o iproduce. Kung kayo ay naglalayong magparami ng itlog nararapat sa inyong farm ay mga “LAYER TYPE” na lahi ng  manok. Kung kayo naman ay naglalayong magproduce ng karne ng manok ang dapat ninyong kunin ay ang “MEAT TYPE” na lahi ng manok upang ito ay umayon sa inyong mga plano. Nakabubuting kumuha ng mga manok sa mga supplier na may maganda at purong Breeders. Nang sa ganun ay makakuha kayo ng de kalidad na lahi na makkatulong sa pagpapa unlad ng inyong Free Range Chicken Farm.
    3. Lugar o Lokasyon ng inyong napiling farm. Dapat ay panatilihin itong malinis upang maiwasan ang sakit o peste sa inyong mga alagaing manok. Ang pagpapanatiling malinis ng inyong galaan ay nakakatulong din na maiwasan ang mga hayop na maaring makapinsala sa inyong mga alagaing manok. Lagyan ng bakod o net ang paligid upang makasigurong ligtas sa anumang hayop ang inyong alaga.
    4. Housing o tuluyan ng mga manok. Mas makakbuting ilagay ito sa malamig o malilim na lugar upang mabawasan ang init sa panahon ng tag araw. Dapat ito ay ligtas lalo na sa gabi kung saan sila ay hahapon o matutulog. Maglagay ng mga tutuntungan ng manok na nakataas mula sa lupa. Dapat rin ay may sapat na espasyo ang bawat isang manok upang maiwasan ang overcrowding.
    5. Mag umpisa sa maliit o kaunti lamang. Mas makakabuting kumuha ng kaunti sa unang beses na mag aalaga. Ito ay upang maiwasan ang pagkalugi o pagkamatay ng inyong alagaing manok. Mas madaling ma kontrol ang isang maliit na lupon habang kayo ay nag aaral pa lamang at habang hindi pa kayo pamilyar sa ganitong teknolohiya. Kapag kayo ay naging pamilyar o bihasa na sa ganitong pamamraan ng pag aalaga, maari na ninyong dagdagan ang inyong alagaing manok.
    6. Dapat isaalang alang ang pagkain ng inyong mga alagaing manok. Siguruhin na ang inyong ibibnibigay na Feeds ay malinis at bago. Ang lumang Feeds ay maaring nagtataglay ng “amag” o molds na makakasama sa inyong mga alagaing manok. Iwasan ang pagkain na may growth hormones kung nais ninyong ito ay mapanatiling natural ang pagpapalaki sa inyong alagaing manok. Maari ninyong bigyan ng mga mais, azolla, madre de agua, mais at gulay ang inyong mga alagaing manok bilang supplemento. Tandaan na ang mga ito ay pawang mga supplemento lamang na makakatulong upang mapababa ang inyong gastos sa Feeds. Ito ay hindi sapat upang makuha ninyo ang produksyon na nais ninyo sa tamang panahon. Maari rin kayong magbigay ng mga “Fermented Plant Juice at Fermented Fruit Juice” sa inyong mga alagaing manok. Ituturo ko po ang paggawa ng mga ito sa mga susunod na mga posts.
    7. Magbigay lamang ng malinis at bagong tubig sa inyong mga alagaing manok. Maghalo ng “PROBIOTICS” sa inuming tubig ng inyong mga alagaing manok upang makatulong sa pagtunaw ng kanilang kinain at pagpalakas ng resistensya laban sa mga sakit. ( tatalakayin ko sa susunod na post ang paggawa at gamit ng sariling “PROBIOTICS”).

    Ito ay ilan lamang sa mga dapat ninyong tandaan at isaalang alang sa pag uumpisa ng inyong Free Range Chicken Farm. Maari po kayong magdagdag ng komento upang maibahagi rin sa ating mga Free Range Chicken Farmers ang inyong nalalaman at makatulong sa ating mga nagmamanukan.

    Hanggang sa susunod na POST. Maraming Salamat Po. 😀

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    Free Range Chicken Farming a journey..

    Since I was a kid I am already engaged in growing free range chicken. I can still recall when we got our first two chicks that my father has bought for me and my big brother. It was a black and brown chicks from a agricultural shop in Marikina. It was new to my sight because that time I can only see white chicks in most agri shops. Those white chicks they called it “Vantress” and the two colored chicks they called it “Hubbard” that was according to my father and my big bro. We just put them in a box at night and transferred them in a cage at day time. After two weeks they’ve grown some true feathers and we let them roam in a scratch fence. A couple of months passes by and the two chicks have already grown into a  lovely hen. The black chick have grown into a Plymouth Barred Rock like hen and the brown chick have grown into a light brown feathered chicken. We fed them with just 10% commercial feeds and the rest were all kitchen remains. Most of the time we gave them vegetables and breads. I can still remember that every time I will eat “pan de sal” both of them will just stand in front of me waiting for their share. We just let them roam around and eat what they wanted to eat. The two grown to be healthy with out the aid of antibiotics and vitamins supplement. Baranggay Fiesta is past approaching and my father is planning to butcher both of them for the feast. My brother and I refused and they turned out to be our pet.  I believed it was in the last week of June so my father decided to buy twelve new chicks to grow, enough time for the August Feast of San Roque. Few months more and I started worrying, because I can’t find neither of them. It was unusual not to find them during  my breakfast. I tried to look for them and search our vicinity. After few minutes I finally found them. They are in a box of old cloth sitting. When I tried to pull the brown hen up I notice a couple of eggs there on top of the old shirts.. They are already laying eggs!! I was so amazed coz that’s the first time I saw hens who laid their eggs. Now they are giving back what we are giving them… Breakfast! A year passed and I already started going to school. Most mornings I won’t be with them I will just see them after I went home from the school. It was a daily routine except Saturday and Sunday. Months passed after coming from school I didn’t see them both. I search for them and couldn’t find them. I went inside the house and ask my mother were are the hens. My mother told me they’re gone, she cooked them because they are getting older and weak. I felt so sad that moment but can’t do anything. They are already with young papaya, ginger and onions. I didn’t get another chicken to take care of since then. Later on we moved onto a subdivision in year 1986 also in Marikina.  A decade, I graduated in college. That’s how fast time fleet. I started to venture in poultry farming without careful planning. We have some big chicken cages so I bought 100 heads of broiler chicks. My father asked me why I bought that much. And I replied, they will grow just right before Christmas where prices of chickens are high. I didn’t realize until later, they are already growing. My father told me that my cage is not enough that we need to set up a big chicken coop in our farm lot. He was in a hurry and didn’t wasted any time to build a big chicken coop for my flocks. I still remember when I bought a buy and sell publication to search for chicken feeders and brooder. I found one seller in Laguna and commute to go to his place to pick up those items. I bought 20 galvanized chicken feeder ( long feeders ) and a gas brooder. Then I took a bus going to Cubao and another bus going to Marikina. Only now I am wondering, how did I brought all those items from Laguna to Marikina. Some can imagine how heavy those old school feeders are. So my new chicken coop was up and feeders are in place. Time to move those growing chicks to a bigger location. And so we did. After transferring them to their new home, I also ended up in a new home. I stayed in the farm to take care of those chicks who are already three weeks old I think. Since we don’t have anybody to look after them suddenly I became a farmboy. I stayed there for the whole week and will come home during the weekends. One of our “sapatero” was coming to relieve me from my post. I will then return after two days bringing feeds where I bought from “bayan” and to be commuted by jeep. Those were my routines until my flocks are ready for selling. I contacted my “ninong” who have his stall in Munoz Market. After all those hard works and travels here comes the badnews. My ninong gave me the price of Php65 for each head. Where the price of the dressed chicken that time was Php135-140 per kilo. I was expecting more but that moment I can’t think of anything but to sell them rather than returning them to their coop and continuously feed them. Wherein in these chickens are like dinosaur who feast day and night. And that was my venture.. My misadventure. After that day, I didn’t plan to go back to that poultry business again. Lesson learned, don’t go to a battlefield without bringing a weapon. After my misadventure, I started looking for job. I ended up working for Philippine Seven Corporation. I worked there as a Store Clerk. It was year 1999 if I’m not mistaken, one time while arranging the magazines on their racks, one publication caught my attention. It was a Magazine with a picture of a big brown hen similar to my pet when I was a kid. My curiosity grew and scan the content. It was about “Sasso Chicken”. Description says it was a breed from France and the one which caught my attention was that they can be grown free range. No antibiotics and growth hormones needed just all natural feeds. Again my farmer instinct came out. I wanted to try growing these chickens. I want to give it another try. But not without training this time. I need a weapon before returning to the battleground. So I searched for reading materials about Sasso Chicken. Books, magazines etc. For internet were not yet so affordable that time. I found some information about the chicken and the supplier. I then scan the agriculture section in the buy and sell magazine and found someone advertising his Sasso Chicks for sale. I got so eager to have them and try growing them. I just want to know how hardy they were and how fast they will grow. I also wanted to check out the potential buyers and market for these breed. I bought five chicks and kept them in a small cage. I tried posting it in buy and sell magazine and the feedback was enormous. My first five chicks were sold in a day. So I order another and another and another.  Some are coming to our place with bodyguards, some came on their mercedez benz and some of them made their reservation for the next batch of chicks. That gave me an idea to again start with chicken farming but this time ” free range chicken”. I have read from one Agriculture Magazine, resource person and contact number was there. It was the ” Teresa Farm” in Teresa, Rizal. A farm owned by the late Mr. Bobby Inocencio. After few  of scanning and skimming, I saw a post from a magazine that Mr. Bobby Inocencio was conducting a training on free range chicken farming. It will be held in Teresa Farm. I asked my father about the location and told me that he knew the place. I contacted the number posted on the publication to confirm my reservation for a seat on the said seminar. The day of training came, my father and I traveled from Marikina to Teresa, Rizal. We arrived at the location after few minutes. I missed those days when you can travel without the hassle of traffic in Masinag. I registered on the table at the entrance of the venue. I think I paid for Php350 for the said training with free snacks and lunch. There came Mr. Bobby Inocencio and we started introducing ourselves. I was at the back of the group and I was listening to their introduction and objectives on why we attended. Most of the attendees are Senior Citizen. Some are retired Colonel from the Army, some are doctors, some are engineers and some are backyard farmers who wanted to expand their started flocks. And then goes my turn. Mr. Inocencio called me up and said ” ikaw totoy, naligaw ka yata dito” and everyone in the room laughed so hard and I am also one of those who laughed. It was 1998 and I am 22 years old that time. So I started introducing myself. And when I mentioned my objectives and plan on why I attended the seminar they all turn their head and looked at me. Some became interested and talked to me during our snack break. And what was our topic? Well it was not that important ( grin ). The snack they served was a boiled egg. The other was a chicken sandwich. Chicken and Eggs freshly harvested from their farm. Nice! And our lunch were tinolang manok and nilagang manok. All from the farm of Mr. Bobby Inocencio. What made me more interested to that breed was their taste, it tasted like native chicken but tender like broiler. The best of two breeds  in a single chicken. After the seminar there was only one thing in my mind. I will start a flock of this chicken. And so I did, this time I started small. While having my flocks I still continued to buy chicks from other hobbyist and sell them right away. Then one day I met Mr. John Dizon. I saw his post on buy and sell publication and set a meeting date in a hatchery in Marikina. This guy was also a former student of Mr. Bobby Inocencio who attended a training in Teresa Farm. He was on a large scale production. His farm was located in Tui, Batangas. He invited me to visit his farm so that I will have an idea on the farm setting. I spend a night at his farm and he shared his ideas and tips on how to grow free range chicken. He also allowed me to purchase some of his Ready to Lay hen so that I can jumpstart on my production. Months and years have passed and my business and flocks are going well. But then, in the year 2002 a badluck was about to struck  my business. I received a call from a buyer who wanted to order 50 heads of 21 days old, 50 heads of 14 days old and 50 heads DOC. We agreed to meet by March of the said year. A week before the birthdate of my third son. I prepared everything for the said orders. It was last week of February and just ample time to produce twenty one days old chidays. The following week I took fifty heads chicks for the 14 days old and another fifty heads a day before our meetup in Makati. On the day of the meet up, we prepared the chicks and put them in a box respectively. The sad part, my father forgot our delivery. He was in the “Sabungan” (cockpit arena) that I need to hire a taxi. Our meeting time was 5pm and it was already 3pm. I was about to put the boxes at the back seat of the taxi when the driver told me we can put them in the trunk instead. That time I was so dumb to have believed the taxi driver that his air-conditioning can reach the taxi’s compartment for ventilation. Enough said, we put them in the compartment then head on our way to Makati. We’ve reached our destination at around 4:30 and when I am about to unload the boxes. I noticed that they are very quiet unlike when we loaded them there. I tried to peek on the box hole and noticed that they are not moving. I opened each box and saw them all lying some are unconscious and some tried to walk but seems to have lost balance. We were in front of Dunkin Donuts shop and Dusit Hotel I think. The 14 days old and 21 days old were completely devastated while the Day Old Chick were just fine. I started bringing out the affected chicks from the boxes and put them on the sidewalk to get some air, hoping they will recover. My Sister and I kept on swinging our towels to cool them down and somehow hope they will stand up. One by one bystander came and became a crowd. Most of them asked me what are those breeds? While swinging my towel i kept on answering their queries and explained how to grow them. A lot of those who inquired took my contact number and kept it. They were my prospected customers who later on ordered hundreds of chicks.. We were in that scene when the buyer arrived. When he saw the chicks he was saddened of what have happened. He didn’t take any of the chicks but he handed me a Php500 bill. He said ” eto para sa ginamit mong pamasahe”. Bro, whoever and wherever you are right now I didn’t have time to thank you and get your name that moment because of the situation. Thank you so much. That day was my unlucky day, oh not really! Orders boosted after that incident. Mostly from those bystanders whom asked me ” anong klaseng sisiw yan? “, ” gaano kabigat ang maximum weight nila? “. I knew they are from those bystanders because before they will order they will say ” ako yung humingi ng number nyo sa Makati”. And so that incident was not bad at all. Orders boom, my father started buying his own flocks and a big incubator to hatch our hen’s eggs. So that was my journey on the free range chicken farming. 2004 I left Philippines to work abroad. I can’t bring them here with me so management was left to my father. But last year I started my flocks, I got my farm help to take care of my Chooks. Hopefully by 2018 I will be managing the farm personally. For now you can order Certified F1 Chicks from us. Our email address and contact number are posted here in our page. You can also contact us on our Facebook Page. Stay tuned for my next post. I will tackle topics on how to start a free range chicken farming, preparing probiotics and making yogurt for your chicks. Thank you.